A Dictionary of Muslim Philosophy
This dictionary is an aid to the readers of Muslim philosophical works many of which are
in Arabic. It includes most of the terminology that was developed by Muslim philosophers
in their works and the terms that they borrowed -and sometimes translated- from the Greek
philosophical works. Also included are concepts that are Islamic but of a philosophical
nature and were used by Muslim philosophers. Strictly Fiqhi (including Islamic concepts) and Sufi terminology are not included in this dictionary.
The dictionary also includes the Arabized names of the philosophers and scientist of
Greek, Roman, and Byzantine Origin -namely those that worked with Greek works of science,
mathematics and philosophy.
At times it only includes the names of the non-Muslim scholars and little else, as very
little is known about them. Also the Greek schools of thoughts are included and briefly
defined. There are philosophers and ideas that were erroneously attributed by the
philosophers who worked in Arabic -Muslim and non-Muslim- and that is brought to light. An
example of this is some the works of Poltinus was attributed to Aristotle.
This dictionary is exclusively based on the work by Prof. M. Saeed Sheikh "Dictionary
of Muslim Philosophy" published by the Institute of Islamic Culture -of Lahore,
Pakistan- first published in 1970.
Using the Dictionary:
At the bottom of this page you will find the
Arabic alphabet. select the letter and that will open up the page with
list of definitions. Note all the links on this (frame free) page will open up new
windows. Please note that when you are done with a page just close it. Do not use the
button on the bottom of the definitions page as that will take you the frames version of
the dictionary. This page will stay open in order that you may navigate the dictionary
from it. If this page should take a long time to load it is because it it loading up the
graphic representation of the Arabic alphabet. For the frames version click here.
For a complete listing of the terms in this dictionary in English
transliteration click here.
For a complete listing of the terms in
this dictionary in Arabic click here.
For a copy of
the original preface of the book click here.
more information regarding Islamic philosophy click
Primary Sources of
Tarifat by Ali ibn Muhammad al-Jurjani, (Beirut: Matkabat Lebanon, 1978).
Mafatih al-Ulum by Muhammad ibn Ahmad al-Khawarizmi.
Maqasid al-Falasifah by Imam Ghazali (ed. S. Duyna, Dar
al-Maraif Cairo, 1960).
Kashf Istilahat al-Funun by Muhammad Ali bin Ali at-Tahwani, (Beirut: Dar
Al-Fhirist by al-Nadim. (The work is in Arabic and has been
translated into English by the late B. Dodge).
Tarikh al-Hukama by Al-Qifti.
Uyun al-Anba if Tabaqat al-Atibba by Ibn abi Usaibiah.
Mustalihat Falsafi Sadr ad-Din Shirazi by Sayyid Jafar Sajjadi.
al-Mu'jam al-Falsafi by Jamil Salibah, (Beirut: Dar al-Kitab al-Lubanani, 1982).
Studies in the History of Arabic Logic by Nicholas Rescher.
Lexique del la Langue Philosophique d Ibn Sina
by A. M. Goichon.
Any questions or comments please e-mail me.
Here is a list of the Arabic Letters, click on the letter to go to the
page containing the definitions:
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