The fall, i.e. the fall of the human soul from the world of spirit into a material body in which it gets enclosed as if in a prison, yearning all the time for its original abode.
"Whether or not?" a form of question put in order to discuss the form and matter of definitions and propositions or different kinds of problems that arise in science. The interrogative pronoun hal is used in logic to ask two kinds of things: (1) Whether or not a thing exists, for example, hal Allah maujud-un (Does God exist?); Whether or not a thing possesses a certain quality or state, for example, hal al-alam hadith-un (Is the world created?). See also mutaalliqat al-qiyas wal-burhan and ma.
?????? ??????? al-halliyat al-basitah
A simple form of putting a question in logic when one asks merely about the existence of a thing, i.e. whether or not a particular thing exists. See also hal.
?????? ??????? al-halliyat al-murakkabah
A compound form of putting a question in logic when one wants to know whether or not a thing exists and if it exists what are its attributes or qualities. See also hal.
?? ?? huwa huwa
Lit. "he is he" or "it is it"; in logic it means that everything is identical with itself or that everything is what it is and not anything else: A is A and not B. In tasawwuf (Islamic mysticism) it represents that spiritual state of the mystic which testifies to the presence of God to everything and thus establishes the manifestation of divine unity in the world.
The prime matter; the indeterminate substratum or mere potentiality which in combination with form (surah, q.v.) constitutes a particular thing. According to the Peripatetic philosophers, it is eternal; for being a mere potentiality, it is the principle of all becoming and, therefore, could not have become itself. See also surah.
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