Bulaq adds: "and the harder."


The correct text in Bulaq, C, and D.


Cf. 1:9, above.


Ibn Khaldun read: "that you were to come with the oil." But, utilizing a slight correction suggested in Bulaq, we might perhaps read: annak nakun ma'a lladhin na'ti. This would make much better sense and be quite in keeping with the barbaric distortion of Arabic that the author invented for the enter­tainment of his readers.


Again, Bulaq may be justified in correcting at-tibn to ash-shayn, which would mean "those dogs of nastiness," or something of the sort.


Cf. 1:10 and 316, above.


Cf. 1:8 f., above.


Cf. 1:32, above.


Ahmad b. Muhammad, Ibn Darraj, from Qastallat Darraj (Cacella in Portugal), who died ca. 1030. Cf. GAL, Suppl., 1, 478; E. Levi-Provencal, La Peninsule Iberique (Leiden, 1938), p. 192; Ibn Bassam, Dhakhfrah (Cairo, 1358/1939), 11, 43 ff.


Salih b. Yazid, 601-684 [1204,-1285/861. Cf. Ibn al-Khalib, al-Ihatah, as quoted by M. Casiri, Bibliotheca Arabico-Hispana Escurialensis (Madrid, 1760-70), II, 97.


Malik b. 'Abd-ar-Rahman, 604-699 [12o7/8-1299/1300]. Cf. GAL, I, 274; Suppl., 1, 484; 2d ed., 1, 323 f.


Bulaq, A, and B have wa-kuttab instead of wa-kanat, which we find in C (by correction?) and D. Actually, Ibn Khaldun's earlier text may have been the more correct one. It would mean: "who were pupils of the Sevillian community in Ceuta and who had been secretaries [pl. used instead of the dual] at the beginning of the dynasty of Ibn al-Ahmar." It depends on whether this statement is factually correct, something I am not prepared definitely to assert. "Community," lit. "class," means, specifically, the community of poets and litterateurs.


Muhammad b. Ahmad, 674-747 [1276-1346]. Cf. Ibn al-Khatib, al­Ihatah, II, 174 fi:; Ibn Hajar, ad-Durar al-kaminah, III, 349 f. The form Shibrin is thus indicated in C. The sources quoted print Shirin. The edition by an-Nubihi, Kitab al-Margabah al-'ulya (Cairo, 1948), p. 153, vocalizes Shabrin.


He would seem to be Muhammad b. Ahmad b. 'Ali, 698-780 [1298/99-1378]. Cf. GAL, II, 13 f.; Suppl., II, 6, although he is younger than the men with whom he is mentioned.


Ali b. Muhammad, 673-749 [1274-1349]. Cf. GAL, Suppl., II, 369.


Ibrahim b. Muhammad, d. 747 [13461. Cf. Ibn Hajar, ad-Durar al­kaminah, I, 54, who has the wrong date 739 [1338/391; al-Maqqari, Analectes, ed. R. Dozy et al. (Leiden, 1855-61), 1, 589 f., 91o f.; as-Suyuti, Bughyah (Cairo, 1326/1908), p. 189.


Cf. 1:xliv and xlix, above.


Cf. p. 303, above.


Cf. p. 304 (n. 1186), above.


Bulaq corrects "the biography of their Prophet" to "their ways of life," in order to be closer to the actual situation.


The older texts have ma'anihim lahum (Bulaq maghanihim lahu), which seems to mean "and all their other interests."


Cf. p. 341, above, and p. 383, below.


Cf, pp. 396 f., below.


The text from here to "urban and" (l. 21) is found in C in the margin and in the text of D. We have here an interesting example, not of homoeoteleuton omission (in the older texts), but of a homoeoteleuton addition by the author at a later stage.


Qur'an 28.68 (68).