As indicated in the Qur'an. Cf. p. 425, and 3:275, below.


Cf. pp. 185 f., above.


Cf. 1:84, above.


Avicenna says nothing of the sort in the Treatise of ,Hayy b. Yaqzan, as published by A. F. Mehren, Traites Mystiques (Leiden, 1889), Vol. I. Cf. also the recent editions by A. Amin (Cairo, 1952), and H. Corbin.

However, there is some similarity between Ibn Khaldun's statement and Ibn Tufayl's famous work on Hayy b. Yagzan. Ibn Khaldun apparently used some work based on Ibn Tufayl, which quoted specific theories as going back to al-Farabi and Avicenna. Cf also H. Corbin, Avicenne et le ricit visionnaire (Collection du millenaire d'Avicenne, No. 25) (Teheran, 196264), II, 162-54.


Cf. 1:188 f., above.


Qur'an 15.86 (86); 56.81 (81).