This section is the consolidation of three sections, as the earlier texts presented the material. The second, entitled "Luxury belongs to royal au­thority by nature," begins on p. 338, 1. 1 and the third, entitled "Tranquility and quiet belong to royal authority by nature," begins on p. 328, 1.21. C still has the old division in the text but also contains corrections and slight changes made at the beginning of the original sections, and these are incorporated in the text of D.


Cf. Issawi, pp. 114 f.


This seems to be meant as a general reference to works on physics where the subject is treated. However, Ibn Khaldun had made the same statement above (n. 59 to Ch. II) in an early stage of the text later deleted.


Qur'an 21.22 (22). 337


Cf. Issawi, p. 119.


Cf. Issawi, pp. 120 f.


The verses are by the seventh-century poet Abu Sakhr 'Abdallah b. Saim al-Hudhali. Cf. Abu l-Faraj al-Isfahani, Kitab al-Aghani, ed. R. Brun­now (Leiden, 1888), XXI, 143 f.; (Bulaq, 1285/1868), VIII, 172; (Cairo, 1945/1927), IX, 295. The poet bemoans his irrevocable separation from his beloved Layla.


Cf. p. 250, above.