3. Members of a royal family may be able to found

a dynasty that can dispense with group feeling.


This is because the group feeling in which (a member of a royal family) shares may have much power over nations and races, and the inhabitants of remote regions who support his power may be obedient (to that family) and submissive. So, when such a person secedes, leaving the seat of his rule and the home of his might, and joins those inhabitants of remote regions, they adopt him. They support his rule and help him. They take care of establishing his dynasty on a firm basis. They hope that he will be confirmed in his family (rights) and take the power away from his kinsmen.11 They do not desire to share in any way in his rule, as they subject themselves to his group feeling and submit to the coloring of material superiority firmly belonging to him and his people. They believe, as in an article of faith, in being obedient to (him and his people). Were they to desire to share his rule with him or to rule without him, "the earth would be shaken." 12

That is what happened to the Idrisids in Morocco and the 'Ubaydid(-Fatimids) in Ifriqiyah and Egypt. Abu Talib's descendants had left the East and removed themselves from the seat of the caliphate, to go to remote regions of the Muslim realm. They aspired to deprive the 'Abbasids of the caliphate whose coloring had (throughout the years) firmly established itself in the descendants of 'Abd-Manaf, first among the Umayyads and then among the Hashimites ('Abbasids). They seceded (from the ruling 'Abbasid dynasty) in the western part of Islam and made propaganda for them­selves. The Berbers supported their rule time after time. The Awrabah and Maghilah (supported) the Idrisids, and the Kutamah, the Sinhajah, and the Hawwarah (supported) the 'Ubaydid(-Fatimids). These (Berber tribes) cemented the dy­nasties of (the Idrisids and 'Ubaydids) and firmly established their rule through the group support they gave them. They detached the whole Maghrib and then Ifriqiyah from the realm of the 'Abbasids. The influence of the 'Abbasid dynasty grew steadily smaller and that of the 'Ubaydid (-Fatimids) larger. Eventually, the latter took possession of Egypt, Syria, and the Hijiz, and shared the Muslim empire half and half with the 'Abbasids.12a Nonetheless, the Berbers who supported the dynasty submitted their own affairs to the 'Ubaydid(-Fatimids) and obeyed their rule. They merely vied for positions under them. They subjected themselves to the royal authority that had become the established coloring of the Hashimites (the family of Muhammad, the 'Alid­Fatimids as well as the 'Abbasids), and to the superiority over all nations of the Quraysh and the Mudar. Royal au­thority, therefore, remained with their descendants down to (the time of) the complete destruction of Arab rule.

"God decides, and no one can change His decision." 13